The Effects of Smoking Weed While Pregnant What’s the prevalence of marijuana use in pregnancy?
Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug during pregnancy. Studies have tried to estimate the exact number of pregnant women who use marijuana, but results vary.
According to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), 2 to 5 percent of women use marijuana during pregnancy. This number goes up for certain groups of women. For example, young, urban, and socioeconomically disadvantaged women report higher rates of use that reach up to 28 percent.
What are the potential effects of marijuana use while pregnant?
Doctors have linked marijuana use during pregnancy with increased risk for complications. These may include:
low birth weight
small head circumference
What are the potential effects of marijuana use after a baby is born?
Researchers mostly study the effects of marijuana use during pregnancy on animals. Experts say exposure to THC can affect a baby’s brain development.
Babies born to mothers who smoke marijuana during pregnancy don’t have serious signs of withdrawal. However, other changes may be noted.
Research is ongoing, but a baby whose mother used marijuana during pregnancy may have problems as they get older. The research is not clear, while some older researcher reports no long-term developmental differences, the newer research is showing some problems for these children. THC is considered a developmental neurotoxin by some. A child whose mother used marijuana during pregnancy may have trouble with memory, attention, controlling impulses, and school performance. More research is needed.